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Flask 之 flask-session

简介

flask-session 是 flask 框架的 session 组件,由于原来 flask 内置 session 使用签名 cookie 保存,该组件则将支持 session 保存到多个地方,如:

  • redis
  • memcached
  • filesystem
  • mongodb
  • sqlalchmey

安装

 pip3 install flask-session

存储方式

  • redis
import redis
from flask import Flask, session
from flask_session import Session

app = Flask(__name__)
app.debug = True
app.secret_key = 'xxxx'

app.config['SESSION_TYPE'] = 'redis'  # session类型为redis
app.config['SESSION_PERMANENT'] = False  # 如果设置为True,则关闭浏览器session就失效。
app.config['SESSION_USE_SIGNER'] = False  # 是否对发送到浏览器上session的cookie值进行加密
app.config['SESSION_KEY_PREFIX'] = 'session:'  # 保存到session中的值的前缀
app.config['SESSION_REDIS'] = redis.Redis(host='127.0.0.1', port='6379', password='123123')  # 用于连接redis的配置

Session(app)


@app.route('/index')
def index():
    session['k1'] = 'v1'
    return 'xx'


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run()
  • memcached
import redis
from flask import Flask, session
from flask_session import Session
import memcache

app = Flask(__name__)
app.debug = True
app.secret_key = 'xxxx'


app.config['SESSION_TYPE'] = 'memcached' # session类型为redis
app.config['SESSION_PERMANENT'] = True # 如果设置为True,则关闭浏览器session就失效。
app.config['SESSION_USE_SIGNER'] = False # 是否对发送到浏览器上session的cookie值进行加密
app.config['SESSION_KEY_PREFIX'] = 'session:' # 保存到session中的值的前缀
app.config['SESSION_MEMCACHED'] = memcache.Client(['10.211.55.4:12000'])


Session(app)


@app.route('/index')
def index():
    session['k1'] = 'v1'
    return 'xx'


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run()
  • filesystem
import redis
from flask import Flask, session
from flask_session import Session

app = Flask(__name__)
app.debug = True
app.secret_key = 'xxxx'

app.config['SESSION_TYPE'] = 'filesystem'  # session类型为redis
app.config[
    'SESSION_FILE_DIR'] = '/Users/wupeiqi/PycharmProjects/grocery/96.Flask新课程/组件/2.flask-session'  # session类型为redis
app.config['SESSION_FILE_THRESHOLD'] = 500  # 存储session的个数如果大于这个值时,就要开始进行删除了
app.config['SESSION_FILE_MODE'] = 384  # 文件权限类型

app.config['SESSION_PERMANENT'] = True  # 如果设置为True,则关闭浏览器session就失效。
app.config['SESSION_USE_SIGNER'] = False  # 是否对发送到浏览器上session的cookie值进行加密
app.config['SESSION_KEY_PREFIX'] = 'session:'  # 保存到session中的值的前缀

Session(app)


@app.route('/index')
def index():
    session['k1'] = 'v1'
    session['k2'] = 'v1'
    return 'xx'


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run()
  • sqlalchemy
import redis
from flask import Flask, session
from flask_session import Session as FSession
from flask_sqlalchemy import SQLAlchemy

app = Flask(__name__)
app.debug = True
app.secret_key = 'xxxx'

# 设置数据库链接
app.config['SQLALCHEMY_DATABASE_URI'] = 'mysql+pymysql://root:123@127.0.0.1:3306/fssa?charset=utf8'
app.config['SQLALCHEMY_TRACK_MODIFICATIONS'] = True

# 实例化SQLAlchemy
db = SQLAlchemy(app)



app.config['SESSION_TYPE'] = 'sqlalchemy'  # session类型为sqlalchemy
app.config['SESSION_SQLALCHEMY'] = db # SQLAlchemy对象
app.config['SESSION_SQLALCHEMY_TABLE'] = 'session' # session要保存的表名称
app.config['SESSION_PERMANENT'] = True  # 如果设置为True,则关闭浏览器session就失效。
app.config['SESSION_USE_SIGNER'] = False  # 是否对发送到浏览器上session的cookie值进行加密
app.config['SESSION_KEY_PREFIX'] = 'session:'  # 保存到session中的值的前缀
FSession(app)


@app.route('/index')
def index():

    session['k1'] = 'v1'
    session['k2'] = 'v1'

    return 'xx'


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run()
PS: 在写好代码后,不要着急运行,需要先执行进入终端执行一条创建数据库表的命令:

+
bogon:pro-flask wupeiqi$ python3
Python 3.5.1 (v3.5.1:37a07cee5969, Dec  5 2015, 21:12:44)
[GCC 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5666) (dot 3)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> from app import db
>>> db.create_all()
>>>

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